Publications

2015

Quantum interference in an interfacial superconductor
Srijit Goswami, Emre Mulazimoglu, Ana M. R. V. L. Monteiro, Roman Wölbing, Dieter Koelle, Reinhold Kleiner, Ya. M. Blanter, Lieven M. K. Vandersypen, Andrea D. Caviglia
arXiv:1512.04290
(pdf)

High Kinetic Inductance Superconducting Nanowire Resonators for Circuit QED in a Magnetic Field
N. Samkharadze, A. Bruno, P. Scarlino, G. Zheng, D. P. DiVincenzo, L. DiCarlo, and L. M. K. Vandersypen
arXiv:1511.01760
(pdf)

Second-harmonic coherent driving of a spin qubit in a Si/SiGe quantum dot
P. Scarlino, E. Kawakami, D. R. Ward, D. E. Savage, M. G. Lagally, Mark Friesen, S. N. Coppersmith, M. A. Eriksson and L. M. K. Vandersypen
Physical Review Letters 115, 106802 (2015)
(pdf)

Single-Spin CCD
T. A. Baart, M. Shafiei, T. Fujita, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, L. M. K. Vandersypen
arXiv:1507.07991
(pdf)

Fast Long-Distance Control of Spin Qubits by Photon Assisted Cotunneling
P. Stano, J. Klinovaja, F.R. Braakman, L. M. K. Vandersypen, and D. Loss
Phys. Rev. B 92, 075302 (2015)
(pdf)

Universal Quantum Transducers based on Surface Acoustic Waves
Martin J. A. Schuetz, Eric M. Kessler, Geza Giedke, Lieven M. K. Vandersypen, Mikhail D. Lukin, J. Ignacio Cirac
Phys. Rev. X 5, 031031 (2015)
(pdf)

Science and technology roadmap for graphene, related two-dimensional crystals, and hybrid systems
A.C. Ferrari, et al.
Nanoscale 7, 4598-4810 (2015)
(link)

Nanoscale Electrostatic Control of Oxide Interfaces
Srijit Goswami, Emre Mulazimoglu, Lieven M. K. Vandersypen, and Andrea D. Caviglia
Nano Letters 15, 2627−2632 (2015)
(pdf)

Ballistic Josephson junctions in edge-contacted graphene
Victor E. Calado, Srijit Goswami, Gaurav Nanda, Mathias Diez, Anton R. Akhmerov, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Teun M. Klapwijk, Lieven M. K. Vandersypen
Nature Nanotechnology 10, 761-764 (2015)
(pdf)

2014

Electrical control of a long-lived spin qubit in a Si/SiGe quantum dot
E. Kawakami, P. Scarlino, D. R. Ward, F. R. Braakman, D. E. Savage, M. G. Lagally, Mark Friesen, S. N. Coppersmith, M. A. Eriksson, and L. M. K. Vandersypen
Nature Nanotechnology 9, 666-670 (2014)
(pdf)

Spin relaxation anisotropy in a GaAs quantum dot
P. Scarlino, E. Kawakami, P. Stano, M. Shafiei, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, L. M. K. Vandersypen
Physical Review Letters 113, 256802 (2014)
(pdf)

Nuclear spin dynamics in double quantum dots: Multistability, dynamical polarization, criticality, and entanglement
M. J. A. Schuetz, E. M. Kessler, L. M. K. Vandersypen, J. I. Cirac, and G. Giedke
Phys. Rev. B 89, 195310 (2014)
(pdf)

Electron Beam Induced Deposition on graphene on silicon oxide and hexagonal boron nitride: A comparison of substrates
S. Hari, A.M. Goossens, L.M.K. Vandersypen, C.W. Hagen
Microelectronic Engineering 121, 122-126 (2014)
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Ballistic transport in graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition
V.E. Calado, S.E. Zhu, S. Goswami, Q. Xu, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, G.C.A.M. Janssen, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Applied Physics Letters 104, 023103 (2014)
(pdf)

Dynamics of spin-flip photon-assisted tunnelling
F. R. Braakman, J. Danon, L. R. Schreiber, W. Wegscheider, and L. M. K. Vandersypen
Physical Review B 89, 075417 (2014)
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2013

Quantum Dot Systems: a versatile platform for quantum simulations
P. Barthelemy, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Annalen der Physik 10-11, 808-826 (2013)
(pdf)

Steady-State Entanglement in the Nuclear Spin Dynamics of a Double Quantum Dot
M.J.A. Schuetz, E.M. Kessler, L.M.K. Vandersypen, I. Cirac & G. Giedke
Physical Review Letters 111, 246802 (2013)
(pdf)

Nuclear spin effects in semiconductor quantum dots
E. A. Chekhovich, M. N. Makhonin, A. I. Tartakovskii, A. Yacoby, H. Bluhm, K. C. Nowack, L. M. K. Vandersypen
Nature Materials 12, 494–504 (2013)
(pdf)

Photon- and phonon-assisted tunneling in the three-dimensional charge stability diagram of a triple quantum dot array
Floris R. Braakman, Pierre Barthelemy, Christian Reichl, Werner Wegscheider, Lieven M. K. Vandersypen
Applied Physics Letters 102, 112110 (2013)
(pdf)

Simultaneous Spin-Charge Relaxation in Double Quantum Dots
V. Srinivasa, K. C. Nowack, M. Shafiei, L. M. K. Vandersypen, J. M. Taylor
Physical Review Letters 110, 196803 (2013)
(pdf)

Long-distance coherent coupling in a quantum dot array
Floris R. Braakman, Pierre Barthelemy, Christian Reichl, Werner Wegscheider, Lieven M. K. Vandersypen
Nature Nanotechnology 8, 432-437 (2013)
(pdf)

Excitation of a Si/SiGe quantum dot using an on-chip microwave antenna
E. Kawakami, P. Scarlino, L. R. Schreiber, J. R. Prance, D. E. Savage, M. G. Lagally, M. A. Eriksson, L. M. K. Vandersypen
Applied Physics Letters 103, 132410 (2013)
(pdf)

Resolving spin-orbit and hyperfine mediated electric dipole spin resonance in a quantum dot
M. Shafiei, K.C. Nowack, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Physical Review Letters 110, 107601 (2013)
(pdf)

Understanding the catalyst-free transformation of amorphous carbon into graphene by current-induced annealing
A. Barreiro, F. Boerrnert, S.M. Avdoshenko, B. Rellinghaus, G. Cuniberti, M.H. Ruemmeli, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Scientific Reports 3, 1115 (2013)
(pdf)

2012

Quantum Computing – Fundamentals and Solid-State Realizations
D. DiVincenzo, J. Lisenfeld, A.V. Ustinov, L.R. Schreiber, L.M K. Vandersypen
Nanoelectronics and Information Technology – Advanced electronic materials and novel devices (3rd edition, pp. 575-600), R. Waser (Ed.), John Wiley & Sons (2012)

Quantum Dots at Room Temperature carved out from Few-Layer Graphene
A. Barreiro, H.S.J. van der Zant, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Nano Letters 12, 6096–6100 (2012)
(pdf)

Lattice Expansion in Seamless Bilayer Graphene Constrictions at High Bias
F. Börrnert, A. Barreiro, D. Wolf, M.I. Katsnelson, B. Büchner, L.M.K. Vandersypen and M.H. Rümmeli
Nano Letters 12,4455–4459 (2012)
(pdf)

Gate defined zero- and one-dimensional confinement in bilayer graphene
A.M. Goossens, S.C.M. Driessen, T.A. Baart, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Nano letters 12 , 4656-4660 (2012)
(pdf) (suppl)

Formation and control of wrinkles in graphene by the wedging transfer method
V.E. Calado, G.F. Schneider, A.M.M.G. Theulings, C. Dekker, and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Applied Physics Letters 101, 103116 (2012)
(pdf)

Zero-bias conductance peak and Josephson effect in graphene-NbTiN junctions
M. Popinciuc, V.E. Calado, X.L. Liu, A.R. Akhmerov, T.M. Klapwijk, and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Physical Review B 85, 205404 (2012)
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Graphene at high bias: cracking, layer by layer sublimation and fusing
A. Barreiro, F. Boerrnert, M.H. Ruemmeli, B. Buechner, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Nano Letters 12, 1873–1878, (2012)
(pdf) (suppl)

Mechanical cleaning of graphene
A.M. Goossens, V.E. Calado, A. Barreiro, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Applied Physics Letters 100, 073110 (2012)
(pdf)

Single-shot measurement of triplet-singlet relaxation in a Si/SiGe double quantum dot
J.R. Prance, Z. Shi, C.B. Simmons, D.E. Savage, M.G. Lagally, L.R. Schreiber, L.M.K. Vandersypen, M. Friesen, R. Joynt, S.N. Coppersmith, M.A. Eriksson
Physical Review Letters 108, 046808 (2012)
(pdf)

2011

Room-Temperature Gating of Molecular Junctions Using Few-Layer Graphene Nanogap Electrodes
F. Prins, A. Barreiro, J.W. Ruitenberg, J.S. Seldenthuis, N. Aliaga-Alcalde, L.M. K. Vandersypen and H.S. J. van der Zant
Nano Letters, 11, 4607–4611 (2011)
(pdf)

Nuclear spin dynamics in double quantum dots: Fixed points, transients, and intermittency
M.S. Rudner, F.H.L. Koppens, J.A. Folk, L.M.K. Vandersypen, and L.S. Levitov
Physical Review B 84, 075339 (2011)
(pdf)

Single-Shot Correlations and Two-Qubit Gate of Solid-State Spins
K.C. Nowack, M. Shafiei, M. Laforest, G.E.D.K. Prawiroatmodjo, L. R. Schreiber, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, L.M.K. Vandersypen.
Science 333, 1269 (2011)
(pdf) (suppl)

Coupling artificial molecular spin states by photon-assisted tunnelling
L.R. Schreiber, F.R. Braakman, T. Meunier, V. Calado, J. Danon, J.M. Taylor, W. Wegscheider & L.M.K. Vandersypen
Nature Communications 2, 556 (2011)
(pdf) (suppl)

Generating Entanglement and Squeezed States of Nuclear Spins in Quantum Dots
M. S. Rudner, L. M. K. Vandersypen, V. Vuletić, and L.S. Levitov
Physical Review Letters 107, 206806 (2011)
(pdf) (suppl)

Efficient controlled-phase gate for single-spin qubits in quantum dots
T. Meunier, V.E. Calado, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Physical Review B 83, 121403 (2011)
(pdf)

2010

DNA Translocation through Graphene Nanopores
G.F. Schneider, S.W. Kowalczyk, V.E. Calado, G. Pandraud, H. Zandbergen, L.M.K. Vandersypen, C. Dekker
Nano Letters 10, 3163 (2010)
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Wedging Transfer of Nanostructures
G.F. Schneider, V.E. Calado, H. Zandbergen, L.M.K. Vandersypen, C. Dekker
Nano Letters 10, 1912 (2010)
(pdf)

Gate-defined graphene double quantum dot and excited state spectroscopy
X.L. Liu, D. Hug, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Nano Letters 10, 1623 (2010)
(pdf)

Liquid-State NMR Quantum Computing
L.M.K. VanderSypen, I.L. Chuang, D. Suter
Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance, eds-in-chief R. K. Harris and R. E. Wasylishen, John Wiley: Chichester (2010)
(pdf)

2009

Electrostatic confinement of electrons in graphene nanoribbons
X. Liu, J.B. Oostinga, A.F. Morpurgo and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Physical Review B 80, 121407 (2009)
(pdf)

Locking electron spins into magnetic resonance by electron-nuclear feedback
I.T. Vink, K.C. Nowack, F.H.L. Koppens, J. Danon, Y.V. Nazarov and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Nature Physics 5, 764 (2009)
(pdf) (suppl)

Multiple Nuclear Polarization States in a Double Quantum Dot
J. Danon, I.T. Vink, F.H.L. Koppens, K.C. Nowack, L.M.K. Vandersypen and Y.V. Nazarov
Physical Review Letters 103, 046601 (2009)
(pdf)

Bouncing spins
L.M.K. Vanderypen
Nature 458, 841 (2009)
(pdf)

Grafeen: basis voor nieuwe elektronica
L.M.K. Vandersypen and A.F. Morpurgo
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Natuurkunde, jan 2009 p. 16 (2009)
(pdf)

2008

InSitu Reduction of Charge Noise in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs Schottky-Gated Devices
C. Buizert, F.H.L. Koppens, M. Pioro-Ladrière, H. Tranitz, I.T. Vink, S. Tarucha, W. Wegscheider and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Physical Review Letters 101, 226603 (2008)
(pdf)

Spin echo of a single electron spin in a quantum dot
F.H.L. Koppens, K.C. Nowack end L.M.K. Vandersypen
Physical Review Letters 100, 236802 (2008)
(pdf)

Een elektronspin omdraaien met elektrische velden
K.C. Nowack, F.H.L. Koppens, Y. Nazarov en L.M.K. Vandersypen
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Natuurkunde, april 2008
(pdf)

Gate-induced insulating state in bilayer graphene devices
J.B. Oostinga, H.B. Heersche,X. Liu, A.F. Morpurgo and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Nature materials 7, 151-157 (2008)
(pdf)

Observation of Aharonov-Bohm conductance oscillations in a graphene ring
S. Russo, J.B. Oostinga, D. Wehenkel, H.B. Heersche, S. Shams Sobhani, L.M.K. Vandersypen and A.F. Morpurgo
Physical Review B 77, 085413 (2008)
(pdf)

2007

Bipolar supercurrent in graphene
H.B. Heersche, P. Jarillo-Herrero, J.B. Oostinga, L.M.K. Vandersypen and A.F. Morpurgo
Nature 446, 56, (2007)
(pdf) (Suppl)

Dot-to-dot design – By connecting tiny puddles of electrons in a chip, researchers hope to create a scalable quantum computer
L.M.K. Vandersypen
IEEE Spectrum 44, 42-47, (2007)
(pdf)

Universal Phase Shift and Nonexponential Decay of Driven Single-Spin Oscillations
F.H.L. Koppens, D. Klauser, W.A. Coish, K.C. Nowack, L.P. Kouwenhoven, D. Loss, and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Physical Review Letters 99 106803 (2007)
(pdf)

Induced superconductivity in graphene
H.B. Heersche, P.D. Jarillo-Herrero, J.B. Oostinga, L.M.K. Vandersypen, A.F. Morpurgo
Solid state communications, 143, 72-76 (2007)
(pdf)

Manifestations of phase-coherent transport in graphene – The Josephson effect, weak localization, and aperiodic conductance fluctuations.
H.B. Heersche, P.D. Jarillo-Herrero, J.B. Oostinga, L.M.K. Vandersypen, A.F. Morpurgo
Journal de physique iv, 148, 27-37 (2007)
(pdf)

Quantum measurement – A single spin made visible
L.M.K. Vandersypen
Nature physics 3, 83-84  (2007)
(pdf)

Coherent Control of a Single Electron Spin with Electric Fields
K.C. Nowack, F.H.L. Koppens, Y.V. Nazarov, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Science 318, 1430 (2007)
(pdf) (Suppl)

Spins in few-electron quantum dots
R. Hanson, L.P Kouwenhoven, J.R. Petta, S. Tarucha, and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Reviews of Modern Physics 79, 1217 (2007)
(pdf)

Cryogenic amplifier for fast real-time detection of single-electron tunneling
I.T. Vink, T. Nooitgedagt, R.N. Schouten, L.M.K Vandersypen, and W. Wegscheider
Applied Physics Letters 91, 123512 (2007)
(pdf)

Experimental Signature of Phonon-Mediated Spin Relaxation in a Two-Electron Quantum Dot
T. Meunier, I. T. Vink, L. H. Willems van Beveren, K-J. Tielrooij, R. Hanson, F. H. L. Koppens, H. P. Tranitz, W. Wegscheider, L. P. Kouwenhoven, L. M. K. Vandersypen
Physical Review Letters 98, 126601 (2007)
(pdf)

Detection of single electron spin resonance in a double quantum dot
F.H.L. Koppens, C. Buizert, I.T. Vink, K.C. Nowack, T. Meunier, L.P. Kouwenhoven, and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Journal of Applied Physics 101, 081706 (2007)
(pdf)

2006

Nondestructive measurement of electron spins in a quantum dot
T. Meunier, I. T. Vink, L.H. Willems van Beveren, F.H.L. Koppens, H.P. Tranitz, W. Wegscheider, L.P. Kouwenhoven, and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Physical Review B 74, 195303 (2006)
(pdf)

Driven coherent oscillations of a single electron spin in a quantum dot
F.H.L. Koppens, C. Buizert, K.J. Tielrooij, I.T. Vink, K.C. Nowack, T. Meunier, L.P. Kouwenhoven, and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Nature 442, 766 (2006)
(pdf) (suppl)

Control and measurement of electron spins in semiconductor quantum dots
L. P. Kouwenhoven, J.M. Elzeman, R. Hanson, L.H. Willema van Beveren, and L.M.K. Vandersypen
Physica Status Solidi (b) 243, 3682-3691 (2006)
(pdf)

Single-shot readout of electron spins in a semiconductor quantum dot
R. Hanson, L.H. Willems van Beveren, I.T. Vink, J.M. Elzerman, F.H.L. Koppens, L.P. Kouwenhoven, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Physica e-low-dimensional systems & nanostructures 34, 1-5 (2006).
(pdf)

High fidelity measurement of singlet-triplet states in a quantum dot
T.A.Y. Meunier, K.J. Tielrooij, I.T. Vink, F.H.L. Koppens, H.P. Tranitz, W. Wegscheider, L.P. Kouwenhoven, L.M.K. Vandersypen
Physica status solidi b-basic research 243, 3855-3858 (2006).
(pdf)

2005

Control and Detection of Singlet-Triplet Mixing in a Random Nuclear Field
F. H. L. Koppens, J. A. Folk, J. M. Elzerman, R. Hanson, L. H. Willems van Beveren, I. T. Vink, H. P. Tranitz, W. Wegscheider, L. P. Kouwenhoven, and L. M. K. Vandersypen
Science 309, 1346-1350 (2005).
(pdf)

Spin filling of a quantum dot derived from excited-state spectroscopy
L. H. Willems van Beveren, R. Hanson, I. T. Vink, J. M. Elzerman, F.H. L. Koppens, L. P. Kouwenhoven, and L. M. K. Vandersypen
New Journal of Physics 7, 182 (2005).
(pdf)

Experiments and simulations on a few-electron quantum dot circuit with integrated charge read-out
R. Hanson, J. M. Elzerman, L. H. Willems van Beveren, L. M. K. Vandersypen, L.-X. Zhang, P. Matagne, J. P. Leburton and L. P. Kouwenhoven
AIP Conference Proceedings 772, 44 (2005)
(pdf)

Single-shot readout of electron spins in a semiconductor quantum dot
R. Hanson, L. H. Willems van Beveren, I. T. Vink, J. M. Elzerman, F.H. L. Koppens, L. P. Kouwenhoven, and L. M. K. Vandersypen
Proceedings Electronic Properties of Two-Dimensional Systems (EP2DS) (2005).

Single-Shot Readout of Electron Spin States in a Quantum Dot Using Spin-Dependent Tunnel Rates
R. Hanson, L. H. Willems van Beveren, I. T. Vink, J. M. Elzerman, W. J. M. Naber, F.H. L. Koppens, L. P. Kouwenhoven, and L. M. K. Vandersypen
Physical Review Letters 94, 196802 (2005).
(pdf)

Semiconductor few-electron quantum dots as spin qubits
J.M. Elzerman, R. Hanson, L.H.Willems van Beveren, L.M.K. Vandersypen and L.P. Kouwenhoven
pp.25-95, “Quantum Computation; solid state systems” by P. Deising, C. Granata, Y. Pashkin, B. Ruggiero and P. Silvestnini (Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers) (2005).

Semiconductor few-electron quantum dots as spin qubits
J. M. Elzerman, R. Hanson, L. H. Willems van Beveren, B. Witkamp, J. S. Greidanus, R. N. Schouten, S. De Franceschi, S. Tarucha, L. M. K. Vandersypen and L.P. Kouwenhoven
Quantum Dots: a Doorway to Nanoscale Physics, Lecture Notes in Physics, 667 (2005)
(pdf)

2004

Electron spin qubits in quantum dots
R. Hanson, J. M. Elzerman, L. H. Willems van Beveren, L. M. K. Vandersypen and L. P. Kouwenhoven
Technical Digest, 2004 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, 533-536.
(pdf)

Semiconductor few-electron quantum dot operated as a bipolar spin filter
R. Hanson, L. M. K. Vandersypen, L. H. Willems van Beveren, J. M. Elzerman, I. T. Vink, and L. P. Kouwenhoven
Physical Review B 70, 241304 (2004)
(pdf)

Determination of the tunnel rates through a few-electron quantum dot
R. Hanson, I.T.Vink, D.P.DiVicenzo, L.M.K. Vandersypen, J.M. Elzerman, L.H. Willems van Beveren and L.P. Kouwenhoven
Proceedings of the 39th Rencontres de Moriond (2004)
(pdf)

Real-Time detection of single electron tunneling using a quantum point contact
L.M.K. Vandersypen, J.M. Elzerman, R.N. Schouten, L.H.Willems van Beveren, R. Hanson and L.P. Kouwenhoven
Applied Physics Letters 85 4394-4396 (2004).
(pdf)

NMR Techniques for Quantum Control and Computation
L.M.K. Vandersypen and I.L. Chuang
Reviews of Modern Physics 76, 1037-1069 (2004)

Tunable few-electron double quantum dots with integrated charge read-out
J.M. Elzerman, R. Hanson, J.S. Greidanus, L.H. Willems van Beveren, S. DeFranceschi, L.M.K. Vandersypen, S. Tarucha and L.P. Kouwenhoven
Physica E 25, 135-141 (2004)
(pdf)

Measurement efficiency and n-shot read out of spin qubits
Hans-Andreas Engel, Vitaly Golovach, Daniel Loss, L.M.K. Vandersypen, J.M. Elzerman, R. Hanson, and L.P. Kouwenhoven
Physical Review Letters 93, 106804 (2004)
(pdf)

Single-shot read-out of an individual electron spin in a quantum dot
J. M. Elzerman, R. Hanson, L. H. Willems van Beveren, B. Witkamp, L. M. K. Vandersypen & L. P. Kouwenhoven
Nature 430, 431-435 (2004)
(pdf)

Excited-State Spectroscopy on a Nearly-Closed Quantum Dot Via Charge Detection
J.M. Elzerman, R. Hanson, L.H. Willems van Beveren, L.M.K. Vandersypen and L.P. Kouwenhoven
Applied Physics Letters 84 4617-4619 (2004).
(pdf)

2003

Zeeman energy and spin relaxation in a one-electron quantum dot
R. Hanson, B. Witkamp, L.M.K. Vandersypen, L.H. Willems van Beveren, J. M. Elzerman and L.P. Kouwenhoven
Physical Review Letters 91, 196802
(pdf)

Few-Electron Quantum Dot Circuit with Integrated Charge Read-Out
J. M. Elzerman, R. Hanson, J. S. Greidanus, L. H. Willems van Beveren, S. De Franceschi, L. M. K. Vandersypen, S. Tarucha, and L. P. Kouwenhoven
Physical Review B 67 161308 (2003).
(pdf)

Quantum Computing with Electron Spins in Quantum Dots
L.M.K. Vandersypen, R. Hanson, L.H. Willems van Beveren, J.M. Elzerman, J.S. Greidanus, S. De Franceschi, L.P. Kouwenhoven
Quantum Computing and Quantum Bits in Mesoscopic Systems”, Chapter 22, Kluwer Academic Plenum Publishers
(pdf)

2002

Liquid state NMR quantum computing
Lieven M.K. Vandersypen, Costantino S. Yannoni and Isaac L. Chuang
Encyclopedia of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, 9, 687-697, Ed. D.M. Grant and R.K. Harris, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. England, (2002)
(pdf)